Thyroid is one of the most important endocrine glands. The pivotal role played by this gland is the secretion of thyroid hormones. These hormones maintain the level of calcium in the blood and the metabolic rate of the whole body. Based on the degree of activity shown by the gland, thyroid disorders can be either Hyperthyroidism or Hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism: The condition of excessive secretion of thyroid hormones in the body is called hyperthyroidism.
Various causes of hyperthyroidism exist. Prominent among them, is the activity of immune system on the gland. This disorder is named as Grave's disease. Some other reasons are thyroid nodule formation, iodine supplements, follicular thyroid cancer etc. The development of lumps also affects the thyroxin production. A large quantity of iodine in the diet can also result in hyperthyroidism. The reason is that iodine accelerates the thyroxin formation.
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism depend upon the extent of extra hormone produced. They include:
One might find a cure for hyperthyroidism by using medicines like Lapis alb, Spongia, Thyroidinum, Calcare phos etc. Since hyperthyroidism is a constitutional disease, the treatment should be also constitutional.
Hypothyroidism: Insufficient generation of thyroid hormone in the body is called hypothyroidism. An individual with hypothyroidism may feel tired and depressed. Weight gain may also be another sign. The most common cause of an underactive thyroid is Hashimoto's disease (chronic autoimmune thyroiditis). A genetic relation for this disorder is also said to exist. People with vitiligo and diabetes (type 1) are also found to have hypothyroidism.
2 major ways exist for the treatment of hypothyroidism:
A constitutional treatment may also improve the hormone secretion. Some of the medications include iodine, Calcarea carb, calcarea iod etc.