Infertility can be defined as the inability of a human to reproduce. It is one among the most sought after medical fields for which various treatment methods exist. It cannot be considered as a disease, but rather it is considered as derangement. Since its treatment is in high demand, several procedures have been developed. They can range from simple medicines to more complicated ones like ICSI, IVF etc. This phenomenon is very much experienced in the age group of 20-45 years.
The causes of infertility can be attributed to many aspects. Fertility is considered to decrease with age in both females and males. Also, abnormal levels of hormones are also considered to affect it.
Various tests are conducted to detect the fertility problems.
The following are the fertility assessment tests in males:
Local examination of genitals.
Serum hormone levels.
The following are the fertility assessment tests in females:
Hormone Estimation: This test is conducted for finding endocrine dysfunction and other endocrine disorders.
Ovarian follicular study: The test is conducted in order to analyze the ovulation problems.
Laparoscopy: This is a surgical procedure is used for correcting minor surgical problems like scar tissue, blockages, abnormalities and endometriosis etc.
Hysterosalpingography: The test is conducted to check the uterine function and patency of the Fallopian tubes.
Pelvic Ultrasonography (USG): The test involves examination of ovary and uterus for anomalies.
Vaginal Swab & Culture: The test is conducted for detecting the infection in the reproductive areas.
Sonohystogram: This advanced technique is mainly used to give a clearer picture of the uterus so that it can be diagnosed accurately.